There are a number of things athletes should do before going at conquering or attempting extreme sports for the first time. Here is a list to go by for the first extreme sporting event:
The quantity of food, water and vitamins can make a difference in the performance of all sports. This is called sports nutrition. There have been special diets and ways of life for athletes since centuries ago with the Olympic Games with the Romans and Greeks. In the year of 2008, it was reported that 65 % of Americans followed an exercise routine by the US News.
There are many different supplements that are known to help with performance and endurance in sports. The outcome can sometimes lead to the use of illegal substances. Anabolic steroids are one. They relate to testosterone which is a hormone that rapidly builds mass and strength. It can have multiple side effects with its use including gender related effects and an increase in blood pressure. Another illegal practice is blood doping which was invented by the World War II pilots in the 1940's. Blood doping is the illegal process of increasing the amount of red blood cells that are in the blood stream.
In the 1940's training was designed for strength athletes and dietary protein was introduced to those people’s diets. Dietary protein helps to safely gain muscle mass and strength. Although they help an over dosed amount could lead to calcium loss, renal and liver damage, gastro intestinal problems, dehydration and gout. Another is creatine. It will increase performance in exercising and strength. Glutamine which is primarily found in whey is an amino acid that is found in the human body more than any other protein supplement. Other supplements that have had studies done and have brought a lot of attention are chromium, ephedra and androstenedione. These substances have a higher risk and no evidence of benefits. Red Bull drinks are becoming more predominant in the world. It is an energy drink that caused an increase in performance of 83% of drinkers with a 4.7% energy increase according to the University of Texas. Some of the biggest increases in performance come from carbohydrates, caffeine and Vitamin B. Sports drinks like Gatorade are used frequently. These sports drinks produce minerals and electrolytes that help to keep the body hydrated during sports of all kinds. In the 1960's Gatorade was invented. It was introduced by the Gainesville Gators at the University of Florida who had better performances when they drank a drink that contained sucrose and glucose in water. These drinks of all names in the same content hit the shelves in the 1970's. Although they help with dehydration they do not contain protein which is a supplement that is needed prior to sporting events. Milk was founded in 2008 to have an increase in muscle protein balance. It contains many nutrients, electrolytes and other components that help with performance. It is now known to replace fluids lost during sporting events a lot faster than any sporting drinks made.